The Origin of Bow and Arrow

Hungary Origin of Bow and Arrow

The Hungarian bow is a fairly long, approximately symmetrical, composite reflex bow with bone stiffeners. Its shape is known from two graves in which the position of the bone plates could be reconstructed. Modern Hungarians have attempted to reconstruct the composite bows of their ancestors and have revived mounted archery as a competitive sport.

Archery Festival

- Kassai

Hungary Archery Festival

Lajos Kassai designed the Hungarian event described above in the late ‘80s. In recent years Kassai’s own track has been lengthened to 99m which his best students cover in 20sec, shooting as many as 14 arrows at a central target which rotates with them.

Sometimes horses are ridden down the course with no saddle or bridle.

- Rules

Hungary Archery Rules


The largest procession of nomadic warrior horsemen in the world was held at the Kurultaj in 2012. It had 230 warrior horsemen in Hunnic, Avar and ancient Magyar armor and also 680 foot soldiers in traditional historical clothing.

Over the years the Kurultaj has achieved many spectacular victories and unique results. The largest shaman tambourine covered with a single piece of leather was made for the event in 2010. It was 188 cm in diameter and was played during the ignition of the ritual fire.

Archery: at the 2010 Kurultaj, 1120 archers shot arrows simultaneously from traditional bows.

Archery tournament: the best historical result in this competition was achieved in the year 1226 AD by an archer Eshunhei who shot his arrow a distance of 502.5 meters. The new world record has been set in honor of Kurultaj by archer Jozsef Monus who shot his arrow a distance of 603 meters using a traditional bow! In combat archery in 2012 he also managed to shoot into a human figure shaped target from a distance of 400 meters!

Nomadic horse and archery competitions

The Turan Association announces horse racing, horse wrestling, and ’Köböre’ (Kökpar – Buszkasi) competitions, as well as a unique archery obstacle course competition with valuable prizes. There is no entry fee for the competitions. In 2016, teams of 5 and 10 players will compete with each other in the ’Köböre’ championship.

During the three days of the event, we will be able to see numerous horseback archery and horseback combat demonstrations. Among others, the Vermes tribe from Slovakia (Upper Hungary), the ’’Pusztai Rókák’’ (Foxes from the Puszta), the Bodnár tribe, the Nagy tribe, and the Hungarian Turan Select Team will present themselves. (Note that the tribes refer to groups that belong to the Kassai Horse-Archery School.) European 9th – 11th century armoured soldiers will fight against Eastern equestrian nomadic warriors on the battle field.


- Hungary MISZ